Service and notice

10-1 (1) A lawyer, former lawyer, articled student or applicant may be served with a notice or other document personally, by leaving it at his or her place of business or by sending it by

(a) registered mail, ordinary mail or courier to his or her last known business or residential address,

(b) electronic facsimile to his or her last known electronic facsimile number,

(c) electronic mail to his or her last known electronic mail address, or

(d) any of the means referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c) to the place of business of his or her counsel or personal representative or to an address given to discipline counsel by a respondent for delivery of documents relating to a citation.

(2) If it is impractical for any reason to serve a notice or other document as set out in subrule (1), the President may order substituted service, whether or not there is evidence that

(a) the notice or other document will probably

(i) reach the intended recipient, or

(ii) come to the intended recipient’s attention, or

(b) the intended recipient is evading service.

(3) The President may designate another Bencher to make a determination under subrule (2).

(4) A document may be served on the Society or on the Benchers by

(a) leaving it at or sending it by registered mail or courier to the principal offices of the Society, or

(b) personally serving it on an officer of the Society.

(4.1) A document required under the Act or these rules to be delivered to the President or the Executive Director must be left at or sent by registered mail or courier to the principal offices of the Society. 

(5) A document sent by ordinary mail is deemed to be served 7 days after it is sent.

(6) A document that is left at a place of business or sent by registered mail or courier is deemed to be served on the next business day after it is left or delivered.

(7) A document sent by electronic facsimile or electronic mail is deemed to be served on the next business day after it is sent.

(8) Any person may be notified of any matter by ordinary mail, electronic facsimile or electronic mail to the person’s last known address.

[(4.1) added 06/2016] 

Duty not to disclose

10-2 A person performing any duty or fulfilling any function under the Act or these rules who receives or becomes privy to any confidential information, including privileged information,

(a) has the same duty that a lawyer has to a client not to disclose that information, and

(b) must not disclose and cannot be required to disclose that information except as authorized by the Act, these rules or an order of a court.


10-3 (1) In this rule, “storage provider” means any entity storing or processing records outside of a lawyer’s office, whether or not for payment.

(2) When required under the Act or these rules, a lawyer must, on demand, promptly produce records in any or all of the following forms:

(a) printed in a comprehensible format;

(b) accessed on a read-only basis;

(c) exported to an electronic format that allows access to the records in a comprehensible format.

(3) A lawyer who is required to produce records under the Act or these rules must not alter, delete, destroy, remove or otherwise interfere with any record that the lawyer is required to produce, except with the written consent of the Executive Director.

(4) A lawyer must not maintain records, including electronic records, with a storage provider unless the lawyer

(a) retains custody and control of the records,

(b) ensures that ownership of the records does not pass to another party,

(c) is capable of complying with a demand under the Act or these rules to produce the records and provide access to them,

(d) ensures that the storage provider maintains the records securely without

(i) accessing or copying them except as is necessary to provide the service obtained by the lawyer,

(ii) allowing unauthorized access to or copying or acquisition of the records, or

(iii) failing to destroy the records completely and permanently on instructions from the lawyer, and

(e) enters into a written agreement with the storage provider that is consistent with the lawyer’s obligations under the Act and these rules.

(5) If the Executive Committee declares, by resolution, that a specific entity is not a permitted storage provider for the purpose of compliance with this rule, no lawyer is permitted to maintain records of any kind with that entity.

Security of records

10-4 (1) A lawyer must protect his or her records and the information contained in them by making reasonable security arrangements against all risks of loss, destruction and unauthorized access, use or disclosure.

(2) A lawyer must immediately notify the Executive Director in writing of all the relevant circumstances if the lawyer has reason to believe that

(a) he or she has lost custody or control of any of the lawyer’s records for any reason,

(b) anyone has improperly accessed or copied any of the lawyer’s records, or

(c) a third party has failed to destroy records completely and permanently despite instructions from the lawyer to do so.